How To Get Land for Farming in Nigeria
Nigeria is one of the countries blessed with abundant agricultural land. It has arable land of over 30 million hectares. That’s quite a number! Yet, farmers can’t jump on any land without proper consultation.
Before farmers can lawfully use a piece of land for farming, they have to acquire it by leasing or buying. So, are you planning to get land for agriculture? This article highlights tips on how to get land for farming in Nigeria. Let’s ride on!
3 Tips on How to Get Land for Farming in Nigeria
1. Government Acquisition
One of the easiest ways to get land for farming in Nigeria is government acquisition. A million hectares of government land are currently available for agriculture in rural areas. Governments offer these plots of land to foreign and local investors. The good part: they are affordable! Therefore, a farmer with a limited budget can acquire these government lands comfortably.
2. Consulting Village Chiefs
In rural areas, land can be acquired via oral agreements with representatives from the community. This method is prominent in rural areas because of the abundance of land in the rural community. Villagers in this community are primarily farmers. Generally, potential farmers can consult village heads and request an allotment of land.
Moreover, It is easier for a potential farmer to acquire land from these individuals if they have family ties with the village. However, do note that the rural land market is undocumented and informal.
Land acquisition in rural areas has its advantages and disadvantages. Most rural areas do not charge exorbitantly for renting a piece of land. Instead, they do request a token annually. The downside, however, is that you’ll likely not have permission to buy a large piece of land from them. This might limit farmers from expanding their business, knowing that the land is temporary and not permanent.
3. Acquisition from Investors and Organizations
Investors, organizations, and individuals with unused land often partner with farmers looking for arable land. They allow farmers to work on the land as long as it’s used for the intended purpose. Furthermore, an agreement can be based on certain returns to the investor after every farming session. This is almost similar to what you’ll get in rural settings. The difference is that villagers appreciate farm products more than money unless it’s a substantial amount of money.
When dealing with investors, organizations, or individuals, be clear with what you need. First, confirm the size before leasing or buying. That can be done with the help of a surveyor. Next, investigate the precise market value of that land around the area. Finally, the decision to lease or buy farmland must depend on the duration and choice of farming. Before you eventually agree to buy or lease land, note these vital factors:
- Soil condition: The type of soil will impact your farming activities. Perform soil testing, determine types, and verify the drainage class and characteristics. Check for heavy metals and other buried residues that can impact your crop’s growth.
- Water Supply: There must be a clean water source close to the region. If the water source is far away, it can be time-consuming and labor-intensive.
- Proximity to Good Road Network and Market: This will make distribution more accessible and help local farmers access your farm.
- Entrance: The entrance to your farm should be wide enough to accommodate farm machinery.
Five Steps To Take When Acquiring Agricultural Land in Nigeria
Here are a few steps to take when buying or leasing agricultural land in Nigeria:
1. Determine the Type of Land
You need to identify the type of land that interests you or is best for your sector. Where is the farm located? When consulting, be clear about your needs. Steer clear of any land under government acquisition.
2. Your Budget
Here is another excellent factor to consider. The price of land varies. One of the factors that determine this is location. You should decide how much you intend to spend on land and be clear with your agent.
If an agent informs you that a piece of land that meets your specification has been found, go for a physical inspection. An agent might think you’d love it, but only your physical verification can validate that. Even if you are convinced they’ve gotten what you need, still inspect!
If the land meets your specifications, search the relevant land registry for further verification. The search is vital to determine if the individual that sold the land to you is the rightful owner. To accurately search, apply to the appropriate land registry, followed by an affidavit stating the applicant’s status and the purpose of the search.
5. Deed of Assignment or Conveyance
If you are convinced and satisfied that the vendor title is excellent, go ahead to complete the Deed of assignment. Execution can only be established when the parties involved complete and sign the Deed of conveyance and the payment for the land is made.
6. Certified Copy of the survey plan and title document
Get certified original copies of the vendor’s survey plan and title document. These documents will be requested when you request the governor’s consent.
Make sure the land is free from claims by someone who doesn’t own it.
8. Obtain the stamping from the Deed of assignment and title from the land services department
9. Deed and Title Registration
Stamped Deed will be tendered to the land Registry with the cashier alongside the receipt and payment slips with proof of payment. Next, a land officer will enter the Deed into the registry record.
Acquiring land for agriculture in Nigeria isn’t tricky. You only have to follow the proper process to avoid being scammed or paying for the wrong piece of land. If you implement the tips on how to get land for farming in Nigeria in this article, you will buy or rent the best land and get yourself an excellent foundation for your business!