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Challenges and Solutions of Chicken Poultry Farm

The chicken poultry farm has experienced dramatic changes over the years, but it is not without challenges. Unfortunately, most of the difficulties have hindered small percentages of individuals interested in poultry farming from investing. To help these individuals, this article will outline the challenges of chicken poultry farms and the solutions – the most critical aspect of this piece! 

Hen, Chicken eggs and chickens eating food in farm

5 Challenges of Chicken Poultry Farm

1. Access to Capital

Adequate funding is one of the biggest challenges facing poultry farming in Nigeria. Capital must be readily available to both starters and long-timers to successfully run their farm. Running poultry farming on a large scale requires enormous capital to start the business or keep it afloat. Undeniably, the level of growth a potential farmer will experience depends on their access to sufficient capital.

Commercial banks would have saved most farmers, but their interest rates are too high, discouraging them from giving loans from banks a chance. As a result, they hold back from investing.

2. Lack of Valid Information

Information is vital to attaining success in the poultry industry. Some poultry farmers who went bankrupt started with little or no relevant info. For some, the information they receive is outdated or false, leading to the ultimate failure of their business. A farmer venturing into the company with all the required information will excel and perform better than those without.

3. Parasites and Diseases

Chickens are prone to diseases and pests, and that is quite sad. Yearly, poultry farmers wrestle with parasites and diseases. Some farmers went bankrupt because of this reason. Parasites and infections can lead to several problems like high mortality rates, loss of egg production, or low-quality birds. While some breeds have high resistance to some diseases, others do not. When rearing birds, poultry farmers need to keep them in sound health.

4. Feed Problem

Feeds have a direct impact on the growth of poultry birds. In Nigeria, some farmers find it challenging to give a balanced diet to their birds. Often, this results from a lack of training on feed proportion. Some poultry producers are even in the habit of mixing grain with feeds. This act dilutes the number of nutrients available, leading to deficiencies.

Nutritional deficiencies can influence the production level of hens and the growth of pullets. For chickens, the feed they need depends on age, size, egg production rate, the temperature of their house, and the energy level of the feed.

Moreover, feeds can impact the quality of eggs birds produce. For instance, experts measure the quality of eggshells by the level of minerals like Calcium and Vitamin D. The color of the egg yolk depends on the amount of pigment present in the feed. Fatty acid and protein are required to obtain maximum egg size when producing. No doubt, farmers must feed their birds with the right mix for birds to grow well.

5. Vaccine Affordability And Availability

Readily available drugs and vaccines are vital for birds. It helps them fight against infections and diseases. As a developing country, poultry farmers in Nigeria have difficulty accessing medicines and vaccines. While most established poultry farmers might have little difficulty accessing these vaccines and rugs, small-scale farmers struggle to have them. When they eventually gain access to it, the prices are beyond their reach. 

Yet, these are important for poultry birds. Some poultry starters have even expressed concerns that the prevalence of fake vaccines is holding them back from making purchases. Fake vaccines, on the other hand, can be harmful to birds. 

Solutions To Challenges Experienced by Poultry Farmers

1. Take Advantage of Government Loans

Potential investors can take advantage of government loans to start a poultry farm or expand an existing one. They are loans specifically designed for poultry farmers. They are made available to farmers to boost local meat and egg production, creating more job opportunities for interested individuals. Always stay alert to opportunities like this and make inquiries from reputable sources. 

2. Obtaining Sufficient Information

Two important things are involved here. One is obtaining sufficient information, and the other is receiving information from a trusted source. Combining these will get your poultry investment on the right path to success. One excellent way to achieve this is to source information from approved sources like the Ministry of Agriculture. You can also make inquiries from a qualified veterinary doctor; they will help put your birds in perfect condition.

3. Treat Birds Immediately

Most farmers do fail to take quick action in the event of an outbreak. As soon as there is an outbreak, treatment should be administered immediately. To address diseases instantly, be observant. Always pay attention to the birds in your poultry. Once you notice any strange sign, invite a veterinarian doctor immediately.

Another excellent way to deal with pests and diseases is to avoid breeding all types of birds. This can lead to illness passing to other birds and new ones. Finally, isolate sick birds once there is an outbreak. If you do this, you will prevent a more significant outbreak!

4. Invest in the Right Feed

Farmers should be intentional about the feed their birds consume. Invest in the proper feeds. Be sure to get them from trusted sources. Also, rations for birds should be appropriately balanced to boost quality egg production and birds’ health. Finally, consult established farmers for ideas and advice on how to purchase quality feeds.

5. Consult With Veterinary Doctor

Poultry farmers must always consult veterinary doctors before administering vaccines or drugs to birds. This prevents the administering of fake drugs that could endanger the life of your birds, keeping your investment safe.


Irrespective of the challenges facing a chicken poultry farm, you can start and be successful. Ask any poultry farmers that have been running their business for years; they’ll tell you how vital it is to implement these solutions. Have any of these challenges prevented you from starting your poultry farm? We hope the solutions discussed will set you up for success!

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