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A Complete Guide to Poultry Farm Business for Beginners in Lagos Nigeria

Are you starting a poultry farm business for the first time? If yes, you might be clueless about the whole process. Starting a poultry business properly will enhance the process and increase the chances of success – a feat every potential entrant anticipates.

We want you to attain success! Thus, we are excited to explain how beginners can start and excel in the business. We’ll be outlining 20 crucial steps you should take. For smooth understanding, we’ve arranged the points in the right order. We did that to help you transition smoothly from one step to another.

Poultry Farm Business for Beginners in Lagos Nigeria

20 Vital Steps to Start Poultry farm Business the Right Way

1. Poultry Farm Training

Without proper training from a reputable farming institution, you might run at a massive loss. Take training courses to learn how to breed day-old chicks. For example, take training courses on the basics of chick breeding. A cost-effective approach is to consult one of the renowned farmers.

2. Choose Your Sector

The poultry farming industry is diverse. Therefore, decide if you want to operate in all sectors or you are restricting it to just one. Here are a few niches you can pick from:

  • Poultry feed production
  • Meat production – Broilers breeding
  • Egg and meat processing
  • Egg production – Layers breeding
  • Chicken breeding – Hatchery

Before settling for one, learn about the assurance of sales. Examine risks and where to source birds or raw materials.

3. Decide on the Right Type of Bird

There are many types of birds a poultry farmer can rear. You can start with one or two birds and as the business grows, increase the number. Generally, poultry farmers raise birds like:

  • Chicken – broilers or layers
  • Goose
  • Duck
  • Turkey
  • Guinea fowl
  • Pigeon
  • Peacock
  • Quail

4. Get a Brand Name & Logo for your poultry farm business

Your poultry farm business needs a brand name and a logo. The brand name and logo present you as a professional for your audience. The name you choose must suit the type of farm you run, and your logo must be unique and outstanding. This logo will be on visiting cards, websites, and several other places.

5. Find an Appropriate Location poultry farm business

Your location must have all the essential facilities to run your poultry farm successfully. The fundamental rule is to build it away from the town, but not too far. This gives you access to labor and land at a cheap rate.

6. Have a Business Plan

This plan must include what the business should look like in the next 3 to 6 years. A well-crafted business plan will help you tread carefully and help you attract investors to your farm. Your business plan must include:

  • Industry review
  • Executive summary
  • Products
  • Mission and vision
  • Jobs to create
  • Target market
  • Pricing Strategy

7. Think Of Investment

You need a substantial amount of money at hand to start your business. Investigate an estimate required to establish the type of your poultry farm. If your fund is nowhere near that, then move to the next step.

8. Get a Loan

Huge funds are needed to start a poultry farm, especially if you are going large scale. Buy land and vital equipment, and set funds aside for workers. Apply for a moderate loan to procure equipment and poultry birds.

9. An Excellent Poultry Housing System

A poultry cage is a vital requirement to begin your poultry farm business. The health of your chicken will largely depend on their cage. The cage must keep birds from sunlight, rain, winds, diseases, and pests. Opt for intensive, extensive, semi-extensive, deep litter, battery cage, or wired housing poultry housing system.

10. Purchase Your Equipment for the poultry farm business

Invest only in quality equipment! Get the right feeders, nests, cages, coops, waterers, perches, and ventilation systems. Install lighting system, egg tray, disposal system, heater, and brooders. Start with only the elementary equipment. You can buy more as your business improves. 

11. Invest in Quality Chicks

If your chicks are diseased, it might result in a huge loss. Do not stock too many chicks. For excellent management, keep them below 500.

12. Learn To Feed

Master the right way to feed your chicks. Most of your production expenditure will be on poultry feed. To cost cuts, learn the best ways to prepare feeds. Until then, buy quality feeds that must be well mixed for the health and growth of your bird.

13. Establish An Excellent Health Management Plan

A poor health management plan can result in a high mortality rate. Learn about common diseases in a poultry farm business. Necessities to put in place include:

  • Proper hygiene
  • Clean drinking water
  • Light management – 16 hours of light is the standard.

14. Pay Attention to Sick Birds

This calls for regular inspection to help you spot sick ones. Once you suspect one with illness or infection, isolate and treat them immediately. Call a vet for further diagnosis.

15. Vaccination

Vaccination is a cost-effective way to keep birds from potential harm. Some vaccines meant for poultry birds include:

  • RDV Vaccines – Meant for adult chicken
  • Gumboro Live Vaccines – For bum bumboo disease in chicks
  • Fowl Pox Vaccines – Prevention against chickenpox
  • Mareks Vaccines – Freedom from Marek’s viral e=neoplastic disease
  • Cholera Vaccines- Prevention of cholera disease
  • Mycoplasma Vaccines
  • Duck Plague Vaccines

16. Adhere to Poultry Farm Regulations

Inquire about rules and regulations governing poultry farming in your region. Adhering will prevent you from legal issues. Approach your local government for detailed information.

17. Tell People About Your Business

Inform people about your poultry farm plan. Seek advice from people. Make friends with people at events that center around poultry farming. You can meet potential clients by informing people. Tweet exciting things about your business.

18. Hire Professionals

Some aspects of poultry farming require only professionals. So, hire experienced individuals to help establish and execute your plan

19. Go Online

Many potential clients visit the internet to search for poultry farms in their area. Put up your business on a search engine to help potential clients find you. Create a dedicated website for that purpose.

20. Market Your Products

After all the efforts, you will need to market your business. Properly analyze the demand and supply situation for your business and learn about your target audience.


With these comprehensive tips about the poultry farm business, you can now set up your business. But you shouldn’t stop at this. Keep learning. Create time to study extensively and find time to attend seminars. If you do, you will start well and quickly become one of the largest producers in your region!

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